Cartier's crew was cured from scurvy by ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) obtained as a decoction from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois). It was prepared by boiling winter leaves and bark from an evergreen tree. The tree, identified as "Annedda", became known as the "tree of life"
If you've ever harvested Chaga, somewhere along your journey you may have wondered about the tough, dark, seemingly charred surface. Some have even made the mistake of scraping it away... Until they are told the truth. The black is the best part.